Wyznania w Polsce po 1989 roku

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dc.contributor.author Krupińska, Katarzyna
dc.date.accessioned 2009-12-21T14:19:26Z
dc.date.available 2009-12-21T14:19:26Z
dc.date.issued 2007
dc.identifier.isbn 978-80-7194-994-7
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10195/35334
dc.format s. 88-95 cze
dc.language.iso pol
dc.publisher Univerzita Pardubice cze
dc.relation.ispartof Pantheon. 2, 2007 cze
dc.rights bez omezení cze
dc.subject Poland eng
dc.subject 1989 eng
dc.subject confessions eng
dc.subject religious groups eng
dc.title Wyznania w Polsce po 1989 roku pol
dc.title.alternative Confessions in Poland after 1989 eng
dc.type Article eng
dc.description.abstract-translated The dramatic growth in the number of newly registered denominations in Poland began after 1989. The intensive movement in this sphere of life was caused by the change of the political system in 1989 from a totalitarian to a democratic one, by the opening of borders resulting in the inflow of various confessions from the outside, by the change of law (resulting in an easy obtainment of registration, and through this legal procedure, by sects - particularly in the mould of a church or of various denominational organizations and associations), by the lack of political audit over the newly formed organizations. Until 1999, it sufficed to deliver to the Ministry of Interior and Administration ( MSWiA) a list of 15 confessors and one could register a new religious organization. The exceptionally liberal law caused Poland to become the terrain for the expansion of new religious movements as it is confirmed by statistic data. Thus in 1989, 35 denominations and religious movements worked in our country legally, 96 in mid-1995, and 132 in the spring of 1997. In 1997, changes were introduced into the Polish legislation regulating the matters of the freedom of conscience and confession the changes. Since 26th June 1997, a list of at least 100 members is needed to accompany a registration application of a new church or a confession. 15 religious groups exist in Poland at present (according to MSWiA data) with their relations with the state regulated by special laws defining an internal structure of these groups, the range of their rules, and the procedures connected with the restitution of their property. The rest of the registered religious groups without special legislature concerning their relationship with the state are 147 (according to the MSWiA data). Existing religious groups are discussed in the paper. Religious groups can register at the Ministry of Interior and Administration, but there is no duty, they can freely function without the registration, however, in that case they lose the privileges bestowed by registration (e.g. special protection by the Polish law). Polish citizens can freely practice their chosen religion. Religious groups can organize, choose and train their cadres, exert oneself about offerings and receive them, publish and meet without the interference of the government. The government does not introduce any limitations as to the creating and providing for the places of the cult. The paper also describes the Laboratory of Documentation of Religious Confessions in Present Poland existing at the Jagellonian University. eng
dc.peerreviewed yes
dc.publicationstatus published eng

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